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Citation Styles

Guide to creating citations correctly and avoiding plagiarism.

Chicago/Turabian Styles

The Chicago Manual of Style is published by the University of Chicago Press. The seventeenth edition has been in use since 2017. Turabian refers to the simpler, student version of Chicago style for use in academic writing not intended for publication. The Chicago/Turabian style is typically used in history, physical, and natural sciences and allows for two different approaches to citation.

  • Author-Date Format
    • Features parenthetical in-text citation and reference list that concludes document.
  • Notes-Bibliography Format
    • Features numbered in-text citation which directs to bottom-of-the-page citation notes and a bibliography.

Resources from the University of Chicago

A guide to Chicago/Turabian style from its editors featuring citation guides, videos, a FAQ and other student resources.

Note: The Chicago Manual of Style Online does not contain the full text of the The Chicago Manual of Style

Guides from the Chicago Manual of Style Online for notes-bibliography and author-date formats

Resources from the Purdue OWL

Purdue University's Online Writing Lab (OWL) is the premiere online guide to citation. Here you will find everything you need to write and cite in Chicago style.


Citation for this video using notes-bibliography style: