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Citation Styles

Guide to creating citations correctly and avoiding plagiarism.

APA Style

The American Psychological Association or APA publishes one of the major style guides for academic writing. In October 2019 the APA released the seventh and most recent edition of its publication manual. APA style is typically used in the fields of education, psychology and nursing. Proper citation in APA style involves two key elements

  • In-text citations
  • A reference list (also called a works cited page)

Resources from the APA

A guide to APA style from its editors featuring resources on in-text citations and reference lists. The APA style page also includes tutorials and webinars, as well as information on formatting and grammar in APA style.

Note: The APA style page does not contain the full text of the APA publication manual.

A PDF guide created by the APA that shows the elements of a reference list entry for a journal, book or chapter in an edited book.

A regularly updated blog from the APA featuring tips on the nuances of APA style.


Resources from the Purdue OWL

Purdue University's Online Writing Lab (OWL) is the premiere online guide to citation. Here you will find everything you need to write and cite in APA style.

Resource on Citing Indigenous Elders and Knowledge Keepers


Citation for this video in APA style: