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Asian Pacific Islander Heritage Month Exhibit - 2016: Full Text of this Exhibit

This year's celebration of API heritage includes panels on Samoa, Indonesia, and the Philippines.

Note on Full Text

Please note that the text on this page comprises that of the entire exhibit where available.

There may be additional information on other pages within this exhibit's Guide that expands on the production, as well.

Together, the text from these two sources comprise all the information covering this topic.

Full Text of This Exhibit

Title Poster:  

[logo]: Asian Pacific Islander Heritage Month


Beginning this year Asian and Pacific Islander Heritage Groups on campus will be sharing their cultures through an annual API exhibit in the University Library.

For 2016, members of the campus’ Samoan, Filipino, and Indonesian communities have produced large wall panels to share their heritage.


Samoa Poster

[logo]: Asian Pacific Islander Heritage Month

[poster title] Samoa 


[poster sub-title #1]: [country of] Samoa:

[official graphic seal of country adjacent - Image by Simitukidia under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license]

At the outbreak of WWI in 1914, New Zealand occupied then-German territory - Western Samoa. New Zealand continued to administer the islands until 1962 when Western Samoa became the first Polynesian nation to reestablish its independence through the historic efforts of the Mau Movement. In 1997, Western Samoa dropped “western” from its name, renaming the country to Samoa, as it is formally known today.  Source: World Factbook.


​[Maps of Samoa and its location the Pacific Ocean: (1) Map: US National Park Service -public domain image (2) Globe image by TUBS - Own work.  CC BY-SA 3.0,].


[poster sub-title #2]: TERITORI O AMERIKA SAMOA:

[official graphic seal of country/territory adjacent - Image in public domain]

American Samoa (AS), which is made up of mainly the Tutuila and Manu’a Islands, is an unincorporated and unorganized territory of the United States. American Samoa is located in the South Pacific, approximately 5,000 miles from the U.S. mainland and 3,000 miles from Hawai’i. The latter half of the 19th Century saw the division of the Samoan islands due to the international rivalries among 3 colonial powers: United States, Great Britain, and Germany. In 1900, as a result of the Tripartite Convention of 1899, the U.S. occupied its portion of a smaller group of eastern Samoan islands with the exceptional harbor of Pago Pago, the capital of American Samoa.  Source: World Factbook.

[Images of Samoa - captions]:​

  1. Samoan culture and customs emphasize importance of aiga (family). Each aiga's fanua (land) is managed by its matai (chief) for the common good. [Photo: National Park of American Samoa].
  2. Pola Tai (Cock's comb) off Vatia Bay, National Park of American Samoa, Tutuila. [Photo by Eric Guinther at the English language Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0].
  3. Beach at Ofu, American Samoa. [Photo by Peter Craig, National Park Service of American Samoa].
  4. 1899 - German, British, and American warships in Apia harbor, Samoa. [Photo by Alfred John Tattersall (1861-1951) - National Library of New Zealand].
  5. Left: Soga’imiti or pe’a (traditional male tattoo) usually worn by matai (chiefs) Right: Malu (traditional female tattoo) usually worn by a taupou or sa’o’aualuma, the daughter of a high chief. [Left photo by CloudSurfer, CC BY-SA 3.0; Right photo by Running Toddler licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic license].     
  6. ‘Ie toga (Fine Mats) - considered as one of the most precious items in ceremonies -
  7. are used for special occasions such as weddings, funerals, and the bestowing of chiefly titles. Passed down through many generations, they are as enduring as Samoan culture! [Photo: National Park of American Samoa].
  8. Ava bowl from the ceremony of the same name - one of the most important customs of the Samoan culture. It is a solemn ritual in which a ceremonial beverage is shared to mark important occasions in Samoan society. [Photo: National Park of American Samoa].
  9. Kava makers during 'ava ceremony of Samoa: A taupou (daughter of a chief) seated between two men (folafola 'ava & sui 'ava) with the tanoa (wooden bowl) in front. Standing is a third man (solisolialofi) distributor and server of the 'ava, holding the coconut shell cup (ipu tau 'ava) used for distributing the beverage. [Photo: by Unknown - University of California Digital Libraries, Public Domain].


[poster sub-title #3]: Samoan Student Community at CSUEB

The Samoan community at Cal State East Bay is almost nonexistent, as evidenced by a very low enrollment of Samoan students (less than 100), and fewer than a handful of Samoan staff and faculty employed at CSUEB. Fortunately, campus programs such as the Student Service Operation for Success (SSOS) and the Pacific Islander Student Club (PISC) foster awareness of underrepresented Polynesian groups, which includes the Samoan culture. Samoan heritage at CSUEB is made more visible through the art of traditional dances and performances at luaus, and is also promoted in workshops that introduce the Samoan heritage to the campus. These workshops take place each year at the API Festival during Asian Pacific Heritage Month here at Cal State East Bay.

Poster text and images produced by Siolotoi Ti


Philippines Poster:  

[logo]: Asian Pacific Islander Heritage Month

[poster title] Philippines 


[poster sub-title #1]: Republic of the Philippines
[official graphic seal of country/territory adjacent - Image by Roel Balingit, J-Ronnt].

Random Facts

  • There are more than 100 languages spoken in the Philippines which, in turn,  host thousands of dialects. English and Filipino (based on Tagalog) are the country’s two officially recognized languages.
  • The difference between the terms Filipino and Pilipino is that the word Filipino refers to the people and language, while 
  • Pilipino refers to the culture.
  • Many don’t know that the Philippines has a pre-colonial written script, Baybayin, often mistakenly called Alibata.
  • The main colors of the Philippines are royal blue, scarlet red, and white, and the country’s anthem is the Lupang Hinirang.
  • The capital of the country, Manila, is one of the most densely populated cities in the world. With more than 1.5 million living in an area of 24 square miles, there are more than 55,000 people per square mile.
  • The Philippines has a population of more than 100 million people, which makes it the 12th most populous country in the world. Additionally, its annual growth rate of around 2% makes it one of the fastest growing countries in the world. It also has more than 12 million people dispersed worldwide (known as the Philippine diaspora).
  • The English words “boonies” and “boondocks” are based on the Filipino/Tagalog word for “mountain,” bundok. The word entered the North American vernacular in the 1940s, probably brought back by soldiers stationed in the Philippines during World War II.
  • Philippine culture has been heavily influenced by the U.S. since the Philippine- American War, during which the country was under U.S. occupation (1898-1946).
  • The Filipino national dish may very well be the adobo, which is a dark stew of chicken and/or pork cooked in soy sauce, vinegar, crushed garlic, bay leaf, and black peppercorns. In Spanish, adobo originally meant “sauce” or “seasoning.”



[Maps of the Philippines and its place in the Pacific Ocean. Map source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA): Image modified to fit page].

[Images of the Philippines - captions]:​

  1. Jeepneys are a common form of transportation in the Philippines. [Photo by Arvin Garcia].
  2. Barrelman is an object representing fertility, and typical visit souvenir. [Photo by Arvin Garcia].
  3. Baybayin: The Ancient Pilipino Writing System. [Graphic courtesy of Kristian Kabuay].
  4. Mountains leading to Baguio City. [Photo by Arvin Garcia].
  5. Old Spanish District in Vigan, Philippines. [Photo by Arvin Garcia].


The Filipino community at CSUEB is very diverse, ranging from those who have recently immigrated from the Philippines, to those 2nd generation and above. The Bay Area itself is home to one of the largest Filipino communities in the United States. There any many of those of Filipino ethnic origin at Cal-State East Bay who participate in every part of the campus’ civic life: From Greek Life, academic 
societies, to campus administration, you’ll find many Filipinos at CSUEB.  Pilipino culture, social issues, and identity are expressed at the Pilipino American Student Association (PASA), which hosts its annual production PCN - this year being Pilipinx Consciousness Night: The I-Hotel. Wherever they are here at East Bay, Filipinos find different ways to express their identity.

Poster text and images produced by Arvin Garcia


Indonesian Poster:

[logo]: Asian Pacific Islander Heritage Month

[poster title] Indonesia 


[poster sub-title #1]: Republic of Indonesia:
[official graphic seal of country/territory adjacent - Image public domain in Indonesia].

  • Based on research from 2010, Indonesia is made out of 13,466 islands. Only 8,844 of them have been named.
  • Indonesia is second highest level of biodiversity in the world, being a home of thousands different flora and fauna.
  • Komodo dragon can only be found in Indonesia, and Sumatra is the only place to see Orangutan in the wild.
  • In Indonesian language (bahasa) the word Orang means “people,” Hutan means “jungle” or “woods,” and Orangutan means “people of the woods.”
  • Indonesia has more than 300 native ethnic groups with over 740 languages and dialects spoken, hence the motto Bhineka Tunggal Ika, which means “Unity in diversity.”
  • Indonesia is the fourth world most populated country with 238 million people, while the island Java is the most populated island in the world with over 140 million people.
  • Around 90% of the populace involved in agriculture, making it the center of the Indonesian economy.
  • The currency of Indonesia is called the Rupiah.
  • The word “ketchup” is adopted from the original word kecap in Indonesian, which is sweet soy sauce.


[Maps of Indonesia and its place in the Pacific Ocean: (1) Map by Gunawan Kartapranata - Own work based on the map in Ethnography Room, National Museum of Indonesia, Jakarta, CC BY-SA 3.0,; (2) Use permitted under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License.

[Images of Indonesia - captions]:​

  1. Borobudur Temple Park, Indonesia. [Photo by CEphoto, Uwe Aranas, CC BY-SA 3.0,].
  2. Birds-Eye View of Belitung, Indonesia. [Photo by Ahmaz Zakharia].
  3. Komodo dragon. [Photo by Alfiando Bayu].
  4. Bali, Indonesia: A rice farmer's hut and a Balinese shrine in middle of his paddy. [Photo by CEphoto, Uwe Aranas, CC BY-SA 3.0,].
  5. Traditional Balinese Condong Dance. [Photo by Crisco 1492 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0,].
  6. Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park, East Java, Indonesia. [Photo by CEphoto, Uwe Aranas, CC BY-SA 3.0,].
  7. Indonesia: A farmer on his bicycle in front of a rice paddy. [Photo by CEphoto, Uwe Aranas, CC BY-SA 3.0,].
  8. Orangutan. [Photo by Pexels, licensed under the Creative Commons Zero (CC0) license].



The San Francisco East Bay is one of the most diverse areas on the West Coast. Here you can meet a lot of Asian Pacific Islanders (APIs) from different parts of the world. Although each of our cultures is unique, at the same time we share many similarities as APIs. At CSUEB, I find that the API Community is extremely helpful to the students, and the events it sponsors are very informative. Even though I only recently joined the API Committee, I’m given the opportunity to represent my own nationality, which is Indonesian. The API community at Cal-State East Bay is active, productive, engaging, and educational.

Poster text and images produced by Bernard Juan Putra